Question by puddlesgal: I need to have to know about Epidermal Dysplasia in a Westie?
Has anyone experienced a Westie treated for this ailment? In the Kansas Metropolis region?
Very best reply:
Reply by Angel Barbie
Description: Epidermal dysplasia (synonym: armadillo syndrome) is a disorder that starts with erythema (reddening) and pruritus (itching) of the pores and skin, specifically on the toes, legs and the ventral elements of the human body. The ailment will intensify with common erythema building. Alopecia (hair loss) and long-term inflammatory modifications enter the image. With time, the dog’s skin gets to be lichenified (thickened), hyperpigmented (black), greasy and malodorous, which has led to the eponym “Armadillo Westie Syndrome”. Generalized serious pruritus develops.
Age of Onset: Armadillo syndrome appears at a few weeks to a couple of months of age. Equally sexes are impacted.
Prognosis: A progressive dermatosis that does not react effectively to treatment method, the breed and the early age of onset implies epidermal dysplasia.
Therapy: There seems to be two varieties of the ailment. In a single, all therapy fails in the other, large doses of systemic corticosteroids for a limited interval of time often delivers a favorable response. Therapy ought to be attempted, permitting a affordable time for feasible restoration, before euthanasia is executed.
Epidermal Dysplasia is a hereditary, quite extreme skin dysfunction described most typically in West Highland White Terriers.
The early indications of epidermal dysplasia generally takes place between six and 12 months of age. Intensive itching and pores and skin swelling are the primary symptoms. The original distribution of lesions is on the stomach, extremities, and encounter. The lesions turn out to be more spread with alopecia, thickening and hardening of the skin, greasy skin, and foul odor. Inflammation of the ear with excessive earwax buildup, secondary bacterial skin and lymph node infections are frequent. Malassezia is often determined although it is not found in all canine with epidermal dysplasia. It is usually, but not always, connected with secondary Malassezia an infection.
Analysis The early age of onset of serious inflammation and itchiness swiftly progressing to chronic lesions in a West Highland White Terrier is one particular of the factors for suspecting the dysfunction. A tentative diagnosis is made from skin biopsy conclusions. A definitive prognosis of epidermal dysplasia can be produced only with attribute clinical and histologic conclusions and can be assessed only by assessing response soon after acceptable topical and systemic antimicrobial therapy.
Treatment and Prognosis Epidermal dysplasia is generally nonresponsive to health care treatment with medicines such as antibiotics, antiinflammatory doses of glucocorticoids, antiseborrheic shampoos, vitamin A alcohol, systemic retinoids, vitamin E, and important fatty acids. The prognosis is very poor, specifically if the problem is persistent and extreme secondary alterations have happened. In puppies with secondary Malassezia invasion, there may possibly be substantial advancement in itchiness and pores and skin situation with ketoconazole (Nizoral) and 2 times-weekly application of topical ketoconazole (Nizoral shampoo) for three to 4 months.
Recurrence of the Malassezia an infection is common. Periodic ketoconazole shampoos support to stop relapses. A sulfur and benzoyl peroxide shampoo has also been useful in extended-time period administration of some situations. For cases in which the chronic cutaneous changes have not happened, there may possibly be a spectacular reaction to oral prednisone or prednisolone until the situation is controlled adopted by a gradual reduce in the dose to alternate-day for prolonged-term maintenance. Ahead of such remedy is used, allergies are to be ruled out and the facet consequences linked with persistent steroid remedy need to be regarded as.
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