Concern by chrstnwrtr: Prior to treatment options such as chemotherapy and radiation, how had been cancer individuals taken care of?
This acquired me contemplating. Soon after listening to a relatively gross story from the Center Ages that dealt with a nun managing a cancerous tumor, how ended up most cancers individuals taken care of prior to the advent of chemotherapy and radiation?
And here is an extra question: why does chemotherapy lead to hair reduction and nausea in clients?
Answer by Diane A
Until a tumor could be lower out, most cancers resulted in death although there have been possibly loads of off-the -wall therapies. In the early stages of Xray remedy (feel 1900s)–it was deemed to be effective if the pores and skin burned! Surgery for growths goes as far back again as the Egyptians & Greeks (they utilized numerous medication & substances for anesthesia).
Many Chemo drugs work by concentrating on the mobile cycle in speedily dividing cells (which is just what a tumor is–really rapidly dividing & developing cells) the hair follicle is 1 such swiftly regular dividing cell line (your hair grows, right?) so which is why they get “killed” off & hair falls out. So also the cells lining the GI tract are affected & you have several of the GI aspect effects linked with chem. That and several numerous medication cause nausea in general.
What do you consider? Response beneath!
they were only given pain killers cancer was cut away by operation people did not last long
Different chemotherapy drugs have different short term and long term side effects and certainly not all chemotherapy drugs cause every side effect. In general, chemotherapy damages cells that are dividing, so the parts of the body where normal cells divide frequently are likely to be affected by chemotherapy. The mouth, intestines, skin, hair, bone marrow (the spongy material that fills your bones and produces new blood cells) are commonly affected by chemotherapy. Hair is growing all the time. The skin is constantly renewing itself. So are the lining of the mouth and digestive system. To do this, the cells of all these body tissues must constantly divide to produce a steady supply of new cells. And when cells are dividing, chemotherapy drugs can attack them.
Although most anti-cancer drugs have side effects, not everyone will get these effects.
Nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy; stomach upset may trigger a strong urge to vomit, or forcefully eliminate what is in the stomach.
Stimulation of the vomiting center results in the coordination of responses from the diaphragm, salivary glands, cranial nerves, and gastrointestinal muscles to produce the interruption of respiration and forced expulsion of stomach contents known as retching and vomiting. The vomiting center is stimulated directly by afferent input from the vagal and splanchnic nerves, the pharynx, the cerebral cortex, cholinergic and histamine stimulation from the vestibular system, and efferent input from the chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ). The CTZ is in the area postrema, outside the blood-brain barrier, and is thus susceptible to stimulation by substances present in the blood or cerebral spinal fluid. The neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin stimulate the vomiting center indirectly via stimulation of the CTZ.
As far as the Middle ages go , things were barbaric. They did not know what the word cancer was they only knew that if someone had a lump that was growing out of their leg , it should be removed. There were no analgesics back then or pain killers, just home brewed alcohol given to disinfect the area and then the same in a cup to drink to numb the pain. How fortuante we are to be living in times where medicine has hit an all time high for cures. What I find so ironic is that people have been spending trillions of dollars over the ages but a simple cold , no idea !